Wastes represent an incontestable source of elements that can contribute to bring raw materials or intervene as substitutes.
- Corundum, alumina
- Carbon, graphite
- W, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Co, Mn…
These wastes can be in the form of sludges, powder, fines, shavings or others including for instance: hydroxide metallic sludge, filter cakes, thermal spraying powders, shots, grindings, production scraps, unsold products, batteries anodes and cathodes of electrical vehicles, ect.
The origins of this waste are diverse: battery industries, chemicals, petrochemicals, automotive, aeronautics, D3E, medical …